40. The order-picking procedure where a number of people simultaneously pick for a specific order iscalleda. Discrete order pickingb. Batch pickingc. Phased pickingd. Wave picking41. All of the following are good reasons for scheduling the warehouse excepta. Reducing or eliminating overtime costsb. Increasing direct labor requirementsc. Increasing levels of customer serviced. Increasing visibility to future requirements42. Warehousing exists in the distribution environment primarily because ofa. Discontinuity of demandb. Transportation effectivenessc. Competitive pressuresd. Customer service43. You are the warehouse manager for a company that has decided to offer a promotion that isexpected to last for six months. What type of warehousing would you use to ensure that stock isavailable?a. Privateb. Publicc. Contractd. In transit44. In developing a warehouse network, perhaps the most critical factor isa. Cost of inventoryb. Distance from the customerc. Distance from supply warehouse or manufacturing plantd. Cost of transportation45. The type of work done in a warehouse is changing to include:a. pricing of individual products for specific customersb. product mixing on pallets for shipment to customersc. labelling of products for customersd. all of the aboveSCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 9 of 1846. Poor performance in the receiving area can lead to all of the following except:a. lost materialb. unhappy customersc. inaccurate inventory recordsd. improved supplier relationse. difficulty in tracking errors47. Which of the following is NOT typically a valid reason for keeping inventory?a. improve customer service levelsb. reduce annual costs of ordering inventoryc. to buffer against erratic supply of goodsd. to improve cash flow by reducing inventory carrying costs48. Which of the following would not be considered an advantage of having a safe workplace?a) Managing blanket ordersb) Process order changesc) Deal with out-of-stock situationsd) Staging orders prior to shipment49. The order-picking procedure where a number of people simultaneously pick for a specific order is called:a. Batch pickingb. Discrete order pickingc. Wave pickingd. Zone picking50. Control systems such as bar coding are of most benefit to:a. Getting more information faster, to data processingb. Reducing writing and recordingc. Reducing operator errorsd. all of the above51. Which of the following would be a result of order processing errors?a. Wrong productb. Missing productc. Incorrect quantityd. All of the above could be a result of order processing errorsSCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 10 of 1852. The order-picking procedure where one order picker fills each line on an individual orderis called:a. Batch pickingb. Discrete order pickingc. Waved. Zone picking53. Which type of warehousing is defined as “the property, facility, and accompanying storage andmaterial handling equipment are normally owned and operated by the firm”?a. Privateb. Publicc. Contractd. Storage-in-transit54. Which type of Third Party Logistics (3PL) offers services related to: financial settlement, globaltrade, consulting, logistics management, warehouse location, and supplier management?a. Warehousingb. Logisticsc. Transportationd. Special services55. What warehouse performance measure, is used to measure the “volume of product storage andretrieval transactions completed in a given unit of time”?a. Order picking accuracyb. Shipping accuracyc. Storage utilizationd. Throughput.56. In the order shipping flow process, what step follows the order picking activitya. Order postingb. Order stagingc. Packagingd. Order loading.57. Which activity is not included in the warehouse stocking function?a. Receiving put-awayb. Product movement between locationsc. Product balance count verificationd. Product delivery and unloading.SCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 11 of 1858. If you are making up a production schedule using the lot-for-lot replenishment method, which ofthe following equations would you use to determine the planned order receipt (assuming youknow the gross amount required and the amount of inventory on hand)?a. Gross requirement aloneb. Gross requirement minus scheduled receiptsc. Gross requirement minus projected amounts on hand and scheduled receiptsd. Gross requirement plus projected amounts on hand and scheduled receipts59. Which of the following constitutes a major, direct output of material requirements planning?a. Rough-cut capacity planningb. Master production schedulec. Marketing pland. Planned production/purchase orders60. Which of the following is an input to the material requirements plan (MRP)?a. Gross to net calculationsb. Rough-cut capacity planningc. Master production scheduled. Resource planning61. Which of the following production strategies allows for mass customization without long leadtimes?a. Assemble-to-orderb. Make-to-stockc. Make-to-orderd. Lean production62. Which of the following is the primary focus of master scheduling (MS)?a. Production amounts for individual productsb. Aggregate production amounts for product components or ingredientsc. Aggregate production amounts for product familiesd. Production amounts for individual product components or ingredients63. How often, under normal circumstances, does a pre-S&OP meeting take place?a. Weeklyb. Monthlyc. Quarterlyd. AnnuallySCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 12 of 1864. The S&OP planning team might decide to adopt a chase production strategy because it offerswhich of the following benefits?a. Reduction of resource costs during demand periodsb. Protection against a sudden need to hire temp workers in productionc. More predictable production schedulingd. Reduced inventory holding costs65. When a restaurant pursues a chase production strategy, at the points of highest and lowest load,capacity key performance indicators for hourly labor and perishable inventory should show thatthere isa. too little capacity at the highest load and just the right amount of capacity at lowest load.b. just the right amount of capacity at both highest and lowest load.c. the right amount of capacity at highest load and too much capacity at lowest load.d. too much capacity at the highest and lowest load.66. Which of the following features was a drawback in the early versions of MRP software?a. Failed to include component lead timesb. Assumed infinite capacityc. Lacked an automated bill of materialsd. Made extra work for the scheduler67. Which one of the following conditions is a potential drawback of lot-for-lot replenishment whenitems must be ordered frequently?a. High inventory costsb. Inventory build-upc. High setup costsd. Incompatibility with JIT68. Which of the following is a process in which marketing must stay most involved in to prevent theissue from transforming the organization’s product from an order qualifier or winner into an orderloser?a. Increasing raw material qualityb. Increasing distribution centersc. Reducing capacity to match loadd. Reducing manufacturing cycle times69. The major purpose of the sales and operations plan (S&OP) is toa. develop a single set of supply/demand numbers for all stakeholders.b. balance sales and output of end items.c. provide a binding contract between sales and operations.d. obtain startup financing from bankers and investors.SCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 13 of 1870. What is the rated capacity for a work site that has 80 hours of available time, has a utilizationrate of 90 percent, an efficiency rating of 80 percent, and a demonstrated capacity of 63.4 hours?a. 57.6 standard hoursb. 62.9 standard hoursc. 64.0 standard hoursd. 72.0 standard hours71. Which one of the following would appear in the routing file?a. Work center efficiencyb. Work center IDc. Work center capacityd. Work center utilization72. In distribution requirements planning (DRP), the key difference between a push system and a pullsystem is whethera. area warehouses are authorized to order inventory replenishment.b. production orders are scheduled or triggered by demand.c. distribution centers can order from each other or only from the plant.d. materials are issued by job order or await a signal from an operator.73. Which one of the following is an objective of production activity control (PAC)?a. Minimize work in processb. Develop the monthly production schedulec. Provide input to rough-cut capacity pland. Execute S&OP74. Which of the following would be a typical time horizon for sales and operations planning?a. One week to one monthb. One month to one quarterc. 12 to 18 monthsd. 18 months to three years75. Pegging refers to the ability to make a connection between the required numbers of a specificcomponent and which of the following?a. Demand for the parent according to the MRPb. Demand forecast according to the MPSc. Specific work center according to the routing filed. Capacity plan according to the MPSSCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 14 of 1876. If you know the actual hours worked at a work center and want to calculate its efficiency, youalso need to know which of the following?a. Available timeb. Standard hours of outputc. Number of workers or machinesd. Utilization77. Which of the following would be included in a list of dependent demand items?a. Computer hard drives delivered to the computer manufacturer for installation depending oncustomer requestb. Computer audio subsystems delivered to a computer superstore for sale as upgrade itemsc. Car mirrors delivered to an automotive dealership as repair partsd. Shirts delivered to a retailer for stocking on shelves78. A metal stamping company produces multiple items in their thin steel processing area. At a recentS&OP meeting, a need for an additional stamping press was identified though resource planning.Which of the following was an input to verify the need?a. Bill of materialsb. Kanbanc. Action pland. Resource profile79. Which of the following would provide a sound method for grouping products into product familiesfor the operations plan?a. Appeal to a particular age groupb. Similar seasonalityc. Similarity of manufacturing processesd. National market destination80. Which of the following would not be an acceptable measurement of output for an operations planfor use by operations managers?a. Numbersb. Tonsc. Eurosd. Liters81. Which of the following would contain information such as machine setup and run time?a. Order release formb. Master production schedulec. Component bill of materialsd. Route sheet.SCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 15 of 1882. Which of the following meetings is typically used to arrive at a consensus between plant managers, logistics managers, schedulers, customer service managers, and other supply chain managers prior to involving executives in sales and operations planning (S&OP)?a. S&OP meetingb. Supply planning meetingc. Demand planning meetingd. Pre-S&OP meeting.83. The sales and operations plan would include which of the following?a. Monthly production figures by product familyb. Weekly production figures by individual SKUc. Monthly production figures by individual manufacturing centerd. Monthly production figures for individual SKUs84. If a make-to-stock organization with stable demand is expanding plant capacity using an overlapping demand stepwise expansion strategy, when it has capacity in excess of demand, it should produce goods ata. minimum capacity.b. the average level of expected demand.c. the current level of actual demand.d. maximum capacity.85. Which of the following provides a point of reference for formulating sales and operations planning?a. Production forecastb. Business planc. Marketing pland. Financial plan86. Item A is constructed over one week using Parts B and C. Part B has a lead time of two weeks and Part C has a lead time of four weeks. A week after Part C was ordered, the scheduler discovers Part B will have an additional week of lead time. Which of the following should the scheduler do?a. Order Part B in one week since offsetting has sufficient slack to meet the schedule.b. Regenerate the entire plan since this will affect offsetting of the final deadline.c. Order Part B as per the original schedule but issue a net change to delay the last task.d. Immediately order Part B and issue a net change so no other rescheduling is needed.SCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 16 of 1887. In distribution requirements planning, what is the net requirement for the central factory for a given week if its two distribution centers have planned order releases of 100 and 200 units respectively and the central factory has a projected available balance of 100 units, scheduled receipts of 200 units, and keeps 100 units of safety stock?a. 0 unitsb. 100 unitsc. 200 unitsd. 700 units88. An organization’s business plan calls for directly competing in developing markets rather than working through intermediaries as before. Which of the following would identify this deficiency in capacity?a. Capacity controlb. Capacity requirements planningc. Cross-functional planningd. Resource planning.89. Which of the following could be subject to alteration as the result of decisions made in an executive S&OP meeting?a. Debt versus equity levelsb. Weekly production schedulesc. Marketing plansd. Product features90. During rough-cut capacity planning (RCCP), a bottleneck resource has unused capacity during a planning week and too much load in the next week. Which of the following should the master scheduler do?a. Reconcile the unused capacity by increasing production to stockb. Send the plans forward to the MRP schedulerc. Revise the scheduled. Send the plans laterally to demand management91. Which of the following production strategies sometimes meets resistance from distribution centers because of the increased demands for skill training and capacity expansion?a. Make-to-stockb. Assemble-to-orderc. JITd. Make-to-orderSCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 17 of 1892. For make-to-stock production, the master production schedule includes production dates for which of the following?a. Componentsb. Customer optionsc. End itemsd. Product families93. Which of the following actions would be the best choice if the load scheduled for a work site exceeds its rated capacity?a. Reduce the load by cancelling orders.b. Require workers to work overtime.c. Shift work to another work center with available capacity.d. Order more safety stock.94. DRP helps prevent shortages at supplying sites and overstocking at ordering sites by originating orders ___, evaluating them at ___ locations before being ___ to determine the actual need at the ordering location and availability of goods at receiving sites.a. upstream; ordering; plannedb. upstream; supplying; releasedc. downstream; ordering; plannedd. downstream; supplying; released95. Which of the following internal operation financial measures can show when normal manufacturing processes are taking longer than usual?a. Raw material inventory costs vs. standardb. WIP value, labor, and overhead cost vs. standardc. Financial results of modifying capacity related to labor or overhead variationsd. Maintenance costs per period or equipment downtime and cost of downtime96. If a salesperson needs to expedite an order but the order would need to be filled by altering production of items inside a planning time fence, with whom would the salesperson negotiate this change?a. Supply chain managerb. Senior managementc. The salesperson can make this change without needing approvald. Master scheduler.SCM-523: Supply Chain Implementation and Operations [ASSIGNMENT # 2]pg. 18 of 1897. In a master scheduling grid, the planning horizon relates to the cumulative lead time in which of the following ways?a. Planning horizon is always less than the cumulative lead timeb. Planning horizon is always equal to the cumulative lead timec. Planning horizon is equal or greater than the cumulative lead timed. Planning horizon is less than or equal to the cumulative lead time98. A salesperson makes a delivery promise that is prior to the customer’s delivery request date because this customer is in the most valuable customer segment. If the order arrives instead at the delivery request date, the customer will most likely bea. satisfied due to the perfect fill rate.b. dissatisfied due to unacceptable speed of performance.c. satisfied due to perfect order fulfillment.d. dissatisfied due to heightened customer expectations.99. The master schedule shows inventory on hand of 150 items, scheduled production of 500 items, and booked orders of 400 items. Which of the following is the correct number of available-to-promise items?a. 150b. 250c. 500d. 650100. The prior period’s projected available balance (PAB) is 40 units. The master production schedule for the period plans 30 units. Customer orders are 20 units. The forecast is 30 units. What is the PAB if this period is within the slushy zone?a. 40 unitsb. 50 unitsc. 60 unitsd. 90 units
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